MORE THAN 40 YEARS OF ROCK MUSIC
The first group to be seen in
newspapers in the late 50s were the Teddy Boys.Their clothes were
be similar to those worn in Edwardian England:long jackets with velvet
trousers and brightly-coloured socks.Their shoes had very thick rubber
and their hair was swept upwards and backwards.Before the arrival of
Boys young people had usually worn what their parents wore.Now they
In the mid-60s the Mods,(so
of their smart suits) were popular again.But perhaps the Mods’ most
possessions were their motor scooters, usually decorated with large
lights and mirrors.
The Mods’ greatest enemies were
who despised the Mods’scooters and smart clothes.They rode powerful
motor-bikes, had long untidy hair, and wore thick leather jackets. At
was everybody’s idea of heaven! Young people were very
clothes-conscious and London’s Carnaby Street
became the fashion centre of Europe
and the world. It attracted thousands of tourists
Towards the end of the 60s a
appeared, whose ideas started in California,
in the U.S.A.
The Hippies preached a philosophy of
peace and love , wore necklaces of coloured beads, and gave flowers to
surprised strangers on the street. Hippies wore simple clothes, blue
open sandals , and grew their hair very long. They often lived together
large communities,sharing their possessions. This was their protest
materialism of the 60s and also against the increasing military
the United States
However, the dream of peace and
disappeared in the early 70s as the mood of society changed . People’s
attention turned to life’s more basic problems as the world price of
increased, causing a fall in living standards and rising inflation.
Skinheads were often racist and
‘uniform’ worn by most of them consisted of trousers that were too
enormous boots , and braces . As their name suggests, they wore their
extremely short or even shaved it all off.
Towards the end of the 70s
another style of
music and dress appeared and is still very popular.The word Punk
American English abd is often used to describe someone who is immoral
They sing songs about anarchy and destruction and their clothes show a
rejection of conventional styles of dress. Their music is loud, fast
tuneless.They feel that the music of the 70s has become too
complicated. It has
lost touch with the feelings of ‘ordinary kids’.
In the 1980s many new bands
also old ones reappeared . Out of punk grew New Wave
music which totally rejects the ideas of the
skinheads. The Bikers still enjoy ‘heavy metal
music’ which is easily recognized by its
high volume and use of electric
guitars.’Dancing’ is simply shaking your head violently to the rhythm
Many new British bands combine
rock music with an infectious reggae beat. From America,
a new interest in
discotheques and dancing has appeared.
Nowadays many of the new bands
able to use the changes in technology to develop their music.
machines , synthesizers and other electronic instruments are now just
popular as the electric guitar.
Black music has become
important with international stars like Michael Jackson combining the
modern music with spectacular live performance.’Hip Hop’ music has
fast speaking in rhyme (called ‘rapping’) with the excitement of the
. Finally, Live Aid and charity records have shown that many modern pop
are interested in using their talents to help raise money for the poor.